Brain aging


We all know what happens to our body as we age: muscles become weaker, joints ache, our sight and hearing fail. But what about the brain? Does it also gets weaker or learns and knows more as it becomes older? The brain is also a part of our body and thus, unfortunately, follows the same path as the other parts. It shrinks in size and loses many of its functional abilities; this is called brain aging.

What happens when brain ages?

It has been found that the brain shrinks in size and loses weight at the rate of 5 percent every ten years after a person becomes 40 years old. The rate further increases after age 70. This physical change in the brain is not the same in all parts of the brain; some parts may undergo relatively fewer changes as compared to other parts. However, as in anything else like your muscles, shrinkage is not a good sign, and it affects the ability and cognitive functions of a person greatly, resulting in reduced performances in a large number of things from memory to hand-eye coordination.

Effects of brain aging

Since the parts of the brain that shrinks with aging include those responsible for learning and other mental activities, these areas are significantly affected. That is why older adults often have difficulty in recalling names or events; their memory function has lost much of its ability. In particular, episodic memory like the memory of your first car, and semantic memory or memory of meanings like remembering that the name of your elementary principal was Mrs. Jones, suffers brain aging more. And that is why many disorders like dementia and Alzheimer’s are associated with older adults with aged or old brains.

Brain aging also comes with other unwelcome changes like reduced blood flow to the brain, reduced communication between the nerve cells of the brain or neurons, and increased inflammation, which affects even older adults with generally better health. The effects of these changes on a person may be understood this way: the brain has a big network of blood vessels and needs a big supply of blood. Even though it weighs only less than three percent of the total body weight, it gets about 20 percent of the total blood circulating in our body. So, you may imagine how reduced blood flow to the brain affect the normal functioning of the brain and the person.

Treatment

Treatment of the effects of brain aging is pretty much still a grey area with a lot of things not fully understood even by the experts. Even so, there are treatment methods claimed to be effective in combatting brain aging and its associated illnesses. Below is a list of such methods that you can try yourself or on your loved ones.

Exercise

Brain exercise, though it will not reverse the aging process can no doubt slow down the appearance of its effects. Everything, if kept idle, loses out its strength and power. The same is true for your brain. The fact that you are retired doesn’t mean that your brain can also retire along with you and can stop thinking. Mental exercise to keep your brain fit and moving is very essential.

Diet

A healthy diet is said to be an effective method of slowing down your brain aging. An overall-healthy nutrition through balanced diet and foods rich in antioxidants are said and seen to have worked wonders. Following a healthy diet plan would also improve your overall health and prevent many complications that can happen with brain aging.

Professional help

3The best place to look for help is always at the doctor’s. While the factors we mentioned above are no doubt helpful, there may be other problems specific to you that contribute to serious conditions which, when combined with effects of your brain aging, can have ugly results. The doctor will also know what medications to prescribe that will help you have a healthier and active health. Remember that many mental conditions and illnesses are by-products of poor overall health, and who better than a doctor is there to treat it?

So, aging is a natural part of life, and its effects on the brain is also a course of nature. However, there are things you can do to lessen complications caused by brain aging and, it is clear, they are worth doing. Don’t wait, start before your brain gets too old.

Hyperhidrosis – How to control it?


What is Hyperhidrosis?

In layman’s terms, hyperhidrosis is known as excessive sweating. It is a medical condition that affects millions of people across the globe, and it is extremely difficult to treat or control. As the name suggests, it is characterized by abnormal sweating – more than what is required to regulate body temperature.

People may not recognize this a disease. But in reality, it is a disorder, a serious one. Therefore, it is crucial that you seek medical help immediately.

Causes

hdd874The causes of excessive sweating can be categorized as primary or secondary. The former refers to the causes where there is no clear reason why the condition develops, but primarily, it is due to some issues with the sympathetic nervous system. The latter, on the other hand, involves a lot of factors. Some of these are menopause, pregnancy, obesity, alcohol consumption, low blood sugar, Parkinson’s disease, and many more.

Hyperhidrosis can actually be a symptom of a more severe health condition. This is why medical attention is required as soon as possible so you can detect any potential health problems.

Effects

For sufferers, abnormal sweating can cause humiliation and low self-confidence. It has negative effects both on your personal and social life. It can also be a hindrance to maintaining female beauty as well as the overall physical appearance of males. Why? Because no matter how good you look like if you perspire a lot, all your good grooming efforts will go to waste.

Don’t you know that abnormal perspiration is also a culprit for dark skin especially on the genital region? And again, this could greatly affect your self-esteem that may even lead to depression.

So, to avoid all these effects, here are some simple tips on how you can control hyperhidrosis.

Oral medication

Your doctor should be able to prescribe oral medication to control your sweat glands. Such medication will help block the neurotransmitters that are causing too much perspiration.

Antiperspirant

There are several antiperspirant products that you can utilize such as lotions and powder. It would be best though if you consult a dermatologist first before you buy one. This way, you will be advised regarding the proper use of such items.

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Good hygiene

Practicing good hygiene is another effective way to eliminate excessive sweating. This is very important as it can generally improve your overall health. This will also spare your armpits, anus, groin, and other parts of your body that sweat a lot from more health issues.

Workout

It is normal for people to perspire when they are exercising. For this reason, you have to engage yourself in regulated workouts.

Fighting Obesity: This is How it is Done


Over the last decade, diet pills have largely become one of the most popular choices in combating obesity. People have tried it in different forms. You’d be surprised that even the non-obese use diet pills and other health supplements to monitor their weight. But are there guarantees in every pill there is on the market?

What is obesity?

First off, what is obesity? Contrary to what other people think, obesity is not a disease. Researches prove that it does not conform to the definition of a disease. It is a condition in which there is excessive body fat percentage over a certain cut-off value. While there are people who dismiss obesity as just an aesthetic problem, it should be viewed as a serious threat to health, and by all means, it is.

4ertfygcvuhjAll over the world, obesity has become a major problem. In fact, it is considered one of its biggest problems, what with the country having the most number of obesity cases in the world. Recent studies reveal a big 30.6% of people having the condition. The figure is alarming as second-placer Mexico comes in at a low 6.4%. Don’t even make the mistake of comparing it with Asian countries like Korea and Japan who have a much lower percentage at 3.2.

Diet pills and slimming supplements

Enter diet pills and slimming supplements. As obesity became a trend, so is the industry that came out of it. Diet pills of different kinds continue to come out in the market. It’s variety. They range from the organic ones to the synthetic or medically formulated capsules. As expected, a lot of these diet pills are a hit. The problem comes with choosing the right one for you.

With the abundance of diet pills in the market, you can bet that not all of these work, much less provide miracles. In this case, you need of course, a doctor. You need to consult one and show a sample of your diet pill before you take it so he can have it examined. For all you know, it may have substances that will harm you. This is important because obesity may trigger such deadly diseases and conditions like diabetes, high cholesterol level, and heart attack. A doctor who knows your medical background will be a bigger help. You need to be extra cautious as there are diet pills in the market that are not even regulated by the Food and Drug Administration(FDA).

Treatment for obesity – do diet pill works?

Fighting obesity via diet pills work. But of course, these alone will not do wonders. A good change in your lifestyle will help do the trick. Who knows, it just maybe the only thing you will ever need. Exercise and proper diet provide for a total treatment.

45ecvrdtfghAs earlier stated, there are many kinds and brands of diet pills in the market. Choose the one that is a perfect fit for you. Approach a doctor. Do your research. Ask around. It pays to have a good knowledge about any condition. And when all is done, and you have yourself the diet pill of your choice, there is a thing called self-examination. Do you have the motivation to sustain the drive you have for ending obesity? If your answer is yes, then, believe me, YOU CAN DO IT.

Common Causes Of Headaches


Headache is one of the common health-related conditions in the world, with around 15 per cent of us taking pain killers for a headache at any given time. We are all likely to experience headaches at some time in our lives. However, people within the age bracket of 25-45 years are more likely to suffer from a headache.

Headache can be divided into two primary headache and secondary headache. Primary headache may include stress headache while secondary headache can be as a result of an underlying disorder e.g. tumor, infection, or injury.

Common causes of headaches

Tension and stress

Tension and stress ate the most common triggers of headache. Tension headache is characterized by what feels like a tight band of pressure around the head and is often associated with muscle tightness in jaw, neck, or head. Both emotional and physical stress can lead can contribute to this type of headache. It can be treated by making lifestyle adjustments, for example, exercise, and proper diet, attention to posture and stress management.

Headache and jaw or dental problems

Muscle tension can result when if the teeth of a person’s upper and lower jaw fail to meet smoothly leading to a headache. This can be corrected by using occlusal splints which allow the jaw to close without dental interference or by replacing missing teeth. Other underlying conditions such as tooth decay, post-extraction infection, and dental abscesses can also cause headache.

Headache caused by infection

5r tghMany infections of the throat, nose, and ear can cause headache. Treatment may include treatments such as decongestants, antibiotics or antihistamine, depending on the disorder. However, persistent problems, such as chronic tonsillitis, may need surgery as a final resort.

Headache caused by diet and food

The food we eat can play a significant role in headache. Diet can trigger headache in the following ways;

  • fluctuations in blood-sugar levels
  • caffeine withdrawal
  • some food additives
  • chemicals that occur naturally in food e.g. amines
Eye problems and headache

Long-sightedness and short-sightedness and other vision problems tend to make the patient strain their eyes muscles in order to have a better focus. This can cause a headache. Some eyes diseases such as glaucoma can cause headache by directing pain into the structure of the head.

Medications and headache

Various medications are designed to perform various tasks in our bodies i.e. act on a diseased organ. However, they can also affect negatively other body parts. Undesirable reactions and side effects are possible with all medication including, herbal preparations, over-the-counter medications, and vitamin pills. Some of the side effect may be a headache.

Ear, nose and throat disorders and headache

Many disorders of the nose, ear and throat can cause recurring headache. They include: sinus problems, labyrinthitis, various infections, trauma e.g. blow of the ear, hay fever, and tonsillitis

The nervous system and headache

5tfghxdjIrritated, inflamed or damaged nerves can bring on a headache. Causes may include haemorrhages, infection such as meningitis, nerve and very rarely, a tumor.

Cluster headache

This type of headache is relatively uncommon and it tends to affect men than women. It involves severe pain usually on one eye, swelling and watering of the affected eye. It can be triggered by cigarettes and alcohol. However, the underlying cause is not clearly known and it can be treated with medication or oxygen therapy.